Glossary


Glossary table providing an alphabetical list of words and their explanations or English translations.

Aotearoa

Māori name for New Zealand


Atua

Māori deity

Battery

Fortified emplacement for heavy guns


Bay of Islands Maritime and Historic Park Board

Management authority established under the Maritime Parks Act to manage reserves in the BOI and near areas


Bayonet

Sword-like stabbing blade, which may be fixed to the muzzle of a rifle for use in hand-to-hand fighting. Sometimes referred to as a triangular socket bayonet.

Carronade

Short large-calibre cannon, formerly in naval use


Congreve rockets

British military weapon designed by Sir William Congreve in 1804. An iron case, with solid fuel delivered to the enemy fired up to 2km. (Inaccurate and prone to explode prematurely).


Crown

Agencies of the Crown i.e. government departments in general

Declaration of Independence (He Whakaputanga o te Rangatiratanga o Niu Tireni)

Declaration of Independence by Māori in 1835


Department of Conservation

Established to combine the green entities in government via the Conservation Act


Ditch-and-bank defences

Māori earthen defensive system

Fluxgate gradiometer

Machine that can detect underground features by measuring magnetic anomalies

Geophysical technique, geophysical survey

Archaeological survey dependent on technology but non-invasive

Hapū

Sub tribe of Māori, i.e. political unit greater than whānau, i.e. family but smaller than tribe


Hatchet

Small axe with a short handle for use in one hand


Howitzer

Short gun for firing shells on high trajectories at low velocities


Hui

To gather, congregate, assemble, meet.

Intermediary

Person who acts as a link between people in order to try and bring about an agreement; a mediator


Iwi

A tribe of Māori e.g. a larger grouping of hapū, whānau political units

Kainga

Māori village or settlement


Kaumatua

Māori elder usually male


Kauri

Known by its Māori name kauri, Agathis australis is a coniferous tree found in the northern districts of New Zealand's North Island.


Kāwanatanga

Governance by a governor


Kīngitanga

Māori king movement


Kororāreka

Small Bay of Islands township also known today as Russell


Kuia

Female elder of standing


Kūmara

Sweet potato

Magnanimous

Generous or forgiving, especially towards a rival or less powerful person


Mana

The significance of personal prestige or standing


Mānuka

A small flowering shrub of the myrtle family


Māori

Polynesian peoples of New Zealand


Mere

Short club made of greenstone


Mortar

Short smooth-bore gun for firing shells (technically called bombs) at high angles. Sometimes called a Coehorn mortar.


Musket

Infantryman’s light gun with a long barrel, typically smooth-bored and fired from the shoulder. Sometimes called flint-lock musket, percussion musket, percussion-cap musket and muzzle-loading smooth-bore musket.


Muzzle loader

Gun that is loaded through its muzzle

Nascent

(Especially of a process or organisation) just coming into existence and beginning to display signs of future potential


Nga-toki-mata-whao-rua

Canoe


Ngāpuhi

Iwi


Ngāti Hau

Iwi


Ngāti Hine

Iwi


Ngāti Manu

Iwi


Ngāti Toa

Iwi


Ngāti Whātua

Iwi


Noa

Ordinary, unrestricted

Fortified village


Pai Mārire

A Christian-based faith initiated by Te Ua Haumēne


Pākehā

New Zealander of European descent


Palisade

A fence of wooden stakes or iron railings fixed in the ground, forming an enclosure or defence


Papa kāinga

Original home


Papatuanuku

Earth mother


Pātītī

Short-handled axe


Patu

Short club, weapon often made of a stone, pounamu or whalebone.


Pihareinga

Teleogryllus commodus, Black field cricket


Pūriri

Vitex lucens, native tree species

Rangatira

Chief, leader


Rangatiratanga

Sovereignty, chieftainship


Redcoats

British soldier


Rohe

Region


Rua

Hole, pit

Sacrosanct

(Especially of a principle, place, or routine) regarded as too important or valuable to be interfered with

Taiaha

Hardwood long weapon


Tangi

Cry


Tāonga

Gift, treasure


Tāonga tuku iho

Heirloom


Tapu

Sacred


Taua

War party


Taua Muru

War party tasked with taking compensation


Te tino rangatiratanga

Absolute Chieftainship


Tikanga

Custom, practice


Tohunga

Expert, priest


Toki

Adze


Torotoro

Scout, advanced guard


Tūpara

Double barrelled gun

Utu

Revenge

Waharoa

Entrance way


Waka

Canoe


Whānau

Family


Whenua

Land